Type IV CRISPR RNA processing and effector complex formation in Aromatoleum aromaticum EbN1
Graduate Students Mini-Symposium
- Date: Dec 3, 2018
- Time: 01:50 PM (Local Time Germany)
- Speaker: Ahsen Özcan
- MPI Marburg, MPRG Randau
- Location: MPI for Terrestrial Microbiology
- Room: Lecture hall
- Host: IMPRS
- Contact: email@example.com
Type IV CRISPR–Cas modules belong to class 1 prokaryotic adaptive immune systems, which are defined by the presence of multisubunit effector complexes1. They usually lack the known Cas proteins involved in adaptation and target cleavage, and their function has not been experimentally addressed. To investigate RNA and protein components of this CRISPR–Cas type, we located a complete type IV cas gene locus and an adjacent CRISPR array on a megaplasmid of Aromatoleum aromaticum EbN1.Type IV crRNAs were shown to harbour unusually short 7 nucleotide 5′-repeat tags and stable 3′ hairpin structures. A unique Cas6 variant (Csf5) was identified that generates crRNAs that are specifically incorporated into type IV CRISPR–ribonucleoprotein (crRNP) complexes. Structures of RNA-bound Csf5 were obtained. Recombinant production and purification of the type IV Cas proteins, together with electron microscopy, revealed that Csf2 acts as a helical backbone for type IV crRNPs that include Csf5, Csf3 and a large subunit (Csf1). Mass spectrometry analyses identified protein–protein and protein–RNA contact sites. These results highlight evolutionary connections between type IV and type I CRISPR–Cas systems and demonstrate that type IV CRISPR–Cas systems employ crRNA-guided effector complexes2.
1. Makarova, K.S. and E.V. Koonin, Annotation and Classification of CRISPR-Cas Systems. Methods Mol Biol, 2015. 1311: p. 47-75.
2. Özcan, A., Pausch, P., Linden, A., Wulf, A., Schühle, K., Heider, J., Urlaub, H., Heimerl, T., Bange, G. and Randau, L. (2018) Type IV CRISPR RNA processing and effector complex formation in Aromatoleum aromaticum. Nature Microbiol.